It is very likely that 2019 will continue the trend of high volatility in the stock market – which was present for large chunks of 2018. October through December were characterized by large moves in stocks, particularly to the downside. Now that we’re in 2019, we can probably expect more of the same, at least to start the year.
That’s not to say the market can’t get its act together in the next few weeks. However, there are several issues that first must be fully or partially resolved. First off, as I write this, the government is still shutdown with no clear end in sight.
Of course, there’s the issue of the trade war with China, which could certainly drag on. The Fed’s interest rate policy and comments on the economy could cause plenty of volatility in and of themselves. For that matter, any major economic news could provide a spark.
And finally, we can’t ignore politics – both in the US and the UK. There is plenty of drama that could erupt from the White House on any given day. Across the pond, the Brexit situation is also fraught with uncertainty. And that’s not even talking about the other potential issues in the EU.
Bottom line, there are plenty of reasons to believe volatility (and a potentially downward bias) in stocks will continue in 2019.
So what can you do to protect your portfolio? Hedging is certainly a good choice in this environment, but how do you protect yourself without spending a fortune?
One strategy you can use in this scenario is called a collar. A collar is a popular strategy used to protect downside risk in single stocks or indexes without having to spend a bunch of money. That’s because a collar uses a short call and a long put in combination.
A long put by itself is a perfectly reasonable way to hedge downside risk, but puts can be expensive on their own. By selling a call against that long put, you can significantly lower the cost of your put in exchange for capping your upside potential. (The underlying asset will stop earning appreciation once it hits the short call strike.)
Let’s take a look at an actual collar that happened at the very end of 2018. This trade occurred in PowerShares QQQ (NASDAQ: QQQ), a popular ETF which tracks the Nasdaq 100. That means the person placing this collar is either long QQQ or owns several of the stocks which make up the index. (The Nasdaq-100 is pretty top heavy, so you can have a high correlation to QQQ by simply owning the FANG stocks.)