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Columbia Financial, Inc. Announces Financial Results for the Fourth Quarter and Year Ended December 31, 2022

Globe Newswire 25-Jan-2023 4:05 PM

FAIR LAWN, N.J., Jan. 25, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Columbia Financial, Inc. (the "Company") (NASDAQ:CLBK), the mid-tier holding company for Columbia Bank ("Columbia") and Freehold Bank ("Freehold"), reported net income of $21.9 million, or $0.21 per basic and diluted share, for the quarter ended December 31, 2022, as compared to net income of $23.3 million, or $0.23 per basic and diluted share, for the quarter ended December 31, 2021. Earnings for the quarter ended December 31, 2022 reflected a higher provision for credit losses and higher non-interest expense, partially offset by higher net interest income and higher non-interest income. The quarter ended December 31, 2021 included a $7.4 million reversal of provision of credit losses.

For the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company reported net income of $86.2 million, or $0.82 per basic and $0.81 per diluted share, as compared to net income of $92.0 million, or $0.88 per basic and diluted share, for the year ended December 31, 2021. Earnings for the year ended December 31, 2022 reflected a higher provision for loan losses, lower non-interest income, and higher non-interest expense partially offset by higher net interest income and lower income tax expense. Non-interest income for the year ended December 31, 2021 included a $7.7 million gain on the sale of commercial business loans granted as part of the Small Business Administration Paycheck Protection Program ("PPP"), and a $10.0 million reversal of provision of credit losses.

Thomas J. Kemly, President and Chief Executive Officer, commented: "During 2022, the Company's financial performance remained solid; core profitability, asset quality, and loan growth were strong. The rising interest rate environment coupled with pricing discipline, resulted in meaningful net interest margin expansion. Contributing to the Company growth, was the successful completion of our acquisition of RSI Bank, which is our fourth acquisition in the last three years. We continue to invest in new technologies and talent to improve our customer experience, enhance cybersecurity, expand product offerings and improve operational efficiencies. We are confident that the Company is well positioned for continued future success."

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended December 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021

Net income of $21.9 million was recorded for the quarter ended December 31, 2022, a decrease of $1.4 million, or 6.2%, compared to net income of $23.3 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2021. The decrease in net income was primarily attributable to an $8.4 million increase in provision for credit losses, and a $1.1 million increase in non-interest expense, partially offset by a $7.4 million increase in net interest income, and a $555,000 increase in non-interest income.

Net interest income was $68.4 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2022, an increase of $7.4 million, or 12.2%, from $61.0 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2021. The increase in net interest income was primarily attributable to a $19.4 million increase in interest income, partially offset by an $11.9 million increase in interest expense on deposits and borrowings. The increase in interest income was primarily due to an increase in the average balance of interest-earning assets coupled with an increase in average yields due to the rise in interest rates in 2022. The increase in interest expense on deposits and borrowings was driven by an increase in the average balance of deposits and borrowings coupled with the repricing of existing deposits at higher rates. The Federal Reserve raised interest rates 25 basis points in March 2022, and again approved five additional rate increases between May 2022 and December 2022, ranging from 50 to 75 basis points. The rise in interest rates initially had a more immediate impact on interest income from loans, securities and other interest-earning assets than interest expense on deposits, as the repricing on deposit products lags in relation to increases in market interest rates. Prepayment penalties, which are included in interest income on loans, totaled $1.0 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2022, compared to $2.2 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2021.

The average yield on loans for the quarter ended December 31, 2022 increased 39 basis points to 4.05%, as compared to 3.66% for the quarter ended December 31, 2021, as interest income was influenced by rising interest rates and loan growth. The average yield on securities for the quarter ended December 31, 2022 increased 44 basis points to 2.45%, as compared to 2.01% for the quarter ended December 31, 2021, as a number of adjustable rate securities tied to various indexes continued to reprice higher during the quarter. The average yield on other interest-earning assets for the quarter ended December 31, 2022 increased 329 basis points to 4.00%, as compared to 0.71% for the quarter ended December 31, 2021, due to the rise in interest rates in 2022 as discussed above.

Total interest expense was $19.5 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2022, an increase of $11.9 million, or 156.5%, from $7.6 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2021. The increase in interest expense was primarily attributable to a 34 basis point increase in the average cost of deposits and an increase in the average balance of deposits. In addition, interest on borrowings increased $6.1 million, or 317.9%, due to a 261 basis point increase in the cost of total borrowings and an increase in the average balance of borrowings.

The Company's net interest margin for the quarter ended December 31, 2022 increased 12 basis points to 2.91%, when compared to 2.79% for the quarter ended December 31, 2021. The weighted average yield on interest-earning assets increased 61 basis points to 3.75% for the quarter ended December 31, 2022 as compared to 3.14% for the quarter ended December 31, 2021. The average cost of interest-bearing liabilities increased 62 basis points to 1.09% for the quarter ended December 31, 2022 as compared to 0.47% for the quarter ended December 31, 2021. The net interest margin increased for the quarter ended December 31, 2022, as the repricing of interest-bearing liabilities initially lags in relation to the repricing of yields on interest-earning assets in a rising rate environment.

The provision for credit losses for the quarter ended December 31, 2022 was $1.0 million, an increase of $8.4 million, from a reversal of provision of credit losses of $7.4 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2021. The increase in provision for credit losses during the quarter was primarily attributable to an increase in the balances of loans and consideration of current and projected economic conditions.

Non-interest income was $7.5 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2022, an increase of $555,000, or 8.0%, from $7.0 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2021. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in bank-owned life insurance income of $373,000, and an increase in other non-interest income of $819,000, primarily due to swap income and service fees related to branch products and services, partially offset by a decrease in income from title insurance fees of $899,000.

Non-interest expense was $44.5 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2022, an increase of $1.1 million, or 2.6%, from $43.4 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2021. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in compensation and employee benefits expense of $2.5 million, and an increase in occupancy expense of $592,000, partially offset by a decrease in loss on the extinguishment of debt of $2.1 million. The increase in compensation and employee benefits expense was due to an increase in the number of employees as a result of recent mergers, along with normal annual increase in salaries and bonuses and related personnel benefit costs. The increase in occupancy expense primarily related to additional costs for locations that we acquired in connection with recent mergers. During the quarter ended December 31, 2021, the Company utilized excess liquidity to prepay borrowings and also terminated related derivative contracts, which resulted in a $2.1 million loss on early extinguishment of debt.

Income tax expense was $8.5 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2022, a decrease of $70,000, as compared to $8.6 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2021, mainly due to a decrease in pre-tax income, partially offset by a decrease in the Company's effective rate. The Company's effective tax rate was 28.1% and 27.0% for the quarters ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Results of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021

Net income of $86.2 million was recorded for the year ended December 31, 2022, a decrease of $5.9 million, or 6.4%, compared to net income of $92.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2021. The decrease in net income was primarily attributable to a $15.4 million increase in provision for credit losses, an $8.4 million decrease in non-interest income, and a $19.1 million increase in non-interest expense, partially offset by a $33.6 million increase in net interest income and a $3.4 million decrease in income tax expense.

Net interest income was $266.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2022, an increase of $33.6 million, or 14.4%, from $233.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2021. The increase in net interest income was primarily attributable to a $39.5 million increase in interest income partially offset by a $5.9 million increase in interest expense. The increase in interest income for the year ended December 31, 2022 was primarily due to an increase in the average balances and yields on interest-earning assets due to the rise in interest rates. As discussed above, the Federal Reserve raised interest rates numerous times throughout 2022. The rise in interest rates had a more immediate impact on interest income from loans, securities and other interest-earning assets than on interest expense on deposits, as the repricing on deposit products initially lags in relation to increases in market interest rates. Prepayment penalties, which are included in interest income on loans, totaled $4.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2022, compared to $5.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2021.

The average yield on loans for the year ended December 31, 2022 increased 7 basis points to 3.80%, as compared to 3.73% for the year ended December 31, 2021, as interest income increased due to rising rates and loan growth. The average yield on securities for the year ended December 31, 2022 increased 28 basis points to 2.26%, as compared to 1.98% for the year ended December 31, 2021 as $147.2 million of higher yielding securities were purchased, and a number of adjustable rate securities tied to various indexes continued to reprice higher during the year. The average yield on other interest-earning assets for the year ended December 31, 2022 increased 217 basis points to 2.87%, as compared to 0.70% for the year ended December 31, 2021, due to the rise in interest rates in 2022 noted above.

Total interest expense was $42.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2022, an increase of $5.9 million, or 15.9%, from $37.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2021. The increase in interest expense was primarily attributable to an increase in interest on borrowings of $7.1 million due to a 149 basis point increase in the cost of total borrowings partially offset by a decrease in the average balance of borrowings. This increase was partially offset by a 7 basis point decrease in the average cost of interest-bearing deposits which was partially offset by the impact of the increase in the average balance of deposits.

The Company's net interest margin for the year ended December 31, 2022 increased 22 basis points to 2.98%, when compared to 2.76% for the year ended December 31, 2021. The weighted average yield on interest-earning assets for the year ended December 31, 2022 increased 26 basis points to 3.46%, when compared to 3.20% for the year ended December 31, 2021. The average cost of interest-bearing liabilities increased 6 basis points to 0.64% for the year ended December 31, 2022 as compared to 0.58% for the year ended December 31, 2021. The increase in costs for the year ended December 31, 2022 was driven by the rising rate environment. The net interest margin increased for the year ended December 31, 2022, as the repricing of interest-bearing liabilities initially lags in relation to the repricing of yields on interest-earning assets in a rising rate environment.

On January 1, 2022, the Company adopted ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326), also known as the Current Expected Credit Loss ("CECL") standard. CECL requires the measurement of all expected credit losses over the life of financial instruments held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. In connection with the adoption of CECL, the Company recognized a cumulative effect adjustment that increased stockholders' equity by $6.2 million, net of tax. At adoption and on a gross basis, the Company decreased its allowance for credit losses ("ACL") by $16.8 million for loans, increased its ACL for unfunded commitments, included in other liabilities, by $7.7 million, and established an ACL for debt securities available for sale of $490,000. The provision for credit losses for the year ended December 31, 2022 was $5.5 million, an increase of $15.4 million, from a reversal of provision for credit losses of $10.0 million recorded for the year ended December 31, 2021. The increase in provision for credit losses during the year was primarily attributable to an increase in the balances of loans and the consideration of current and projected economic conditions.

Non-interest income was $30.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2022, a decrease of $8.4 million, or 21.7%, from $38.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily attributable to a decrease in income from the gain on the sale of loans of $10.6 million, a decrease in income from title insurance fees of $2.7 million, and a decrease in gain on securities transactions of $1.8 million, partially offset by an increase in demand deposit account fees of $1.5 million, an increase in bank-owned life insurance income of $1.4 million due to death benefit claims, an increase in the change in fair value of equity securities of $1.4 million, and an increase in other non-interest income of $1.4 million, primarily due to an insurance settlement. The gain on sale of loans for the year ended December 31, 2021 included a $7.7 million gain on the sale of commercial business loans granted as part of the Small Business Administration PPP.

Non-interest expense was $174.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2022, an increase of $19.1 million, or 12.3%, from $155.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2021. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in compensation and employee benefits expense of $17.4 million, an increase in occupancy expense of $2.5 million, and an increase in merger-related expenses of $2.0 million, partially offset by a decrease in loss on the extinguishment of debt of $2.9 million. The increase in compensation and employee benefits expense was due to an increase in the number of employees as a result of recent mergers, along with normal annual increase in salaries and bonuses and related personnel benefit costs. There was an increase of 90 full time equivalent employees from December 31, 2021 compared to December 31, 2022. The increase in occupancy expense primarily related to additional costs incurred with respect to locations acquired in connection with recent mergers. The increase in merger-related expenses was mainly related to the acquisition of RSI Bank. During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company utilized excess liquidity to prepay borrowings and also terminated related derivative contracts, which resulted in a $2.9 million loss on early extinguishment of debt.

Income tax expense was $30.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2022, a decrease of $3.4 million, as compared to $34.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, mainly due to a decrease in pre-tax income, and to a lesser extent, a decrease in the Company's effective tax rate. The Company's effective tax rate was 26.3% and 27.1% for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Balance Sheet Summary

Total assets increased $1.2 billion, or 12.8%, to $10.4 billion at December 31, 2022 from $9.2 billion at December 31, 2021. The increase in total assets was primarily attributable to an increase in cash and cash equivalents of $108.3 million, an increase in loans receivable, net of $1.3 billion, an increase in Federal Home Loan Bank stock of $35.0 million, an increase in goodwill and intangibles of $33.4 million, and an increase in other assets of $35.1 million, partially offset by decrease in debt securities available for sale of $375.2 million.

Cash and cash equivalents increased $108.3 million, or 152.6%, to $179.2 million at December 31, 2022 from $71.0 million at December 31, 2021. The increase was primarily attributable to $140.8 million in cash and cash equivalents acquired in the RSI Bank acquisition, repayments on loans and mortgage-backed securities, and the net increase in deposits and borrowings.

Debt securities available for sale decreased $375.2 million, or 22.0%, to $1.3 billion at December 31, 2022 from $1.7 billion at December 31, 2021. The decrease was attributable to repayments on securities of $282.0 million, sales of securities of $126.8 million, and an increase in the gross unrealized loss of $190.5 million, predominately due to rising interest rates, partially offset by purchases of securities of $147.2 million, primarily consisting of U.S government and agency obligations and mortgage-backed securities and $79.0 million of debt securities available for sale acquired due to the RSI Bank acquisition.

Federal Home Loan Bank stock increased $35.0 million, or 151.1%, to $58.1 million at December 31, 2022 from $23.1 million at December 31, 2021. The increase was attributable to the purchase of stock required upon acquiring new FHLB borrowings, which were utilized to fund loan growth.

Loans receivable, net, increased $1.3 billion, or 21.1%, to $7.6 billion at December 31, 2022 from $6.3 billion at December 31, 2021. One-to-four family real estate loans, multi-family real estate loans, commercial real estate loans, construction loans, and commercial business loans, increased $767.9 million, $198.1 million, $243.2 million, $41.5 million, and $45.2 million, respectively, partially offset by a decrease in home equity loans and advances of $2.3 million. The Company acquired $335.5 million in loans from the RSI Bank acquisition. The increase in one-to-four family real estate loans included the purchase of $8.3 million in loans from a third party. The allowance for credit losses for loans decreased $9.9 million to $52.8 million at December 31, 2022 from $62.7 million at December 31, 2021. A $16.8 million decrease in the allowance for credit losses for loans was recorded on January 1, 2022 upon adoption of the CECL standard. During the year ended December 31, 2022, the allowance for credit losses on loans increased $5.9 million, primarily due to an increase in the outstanding balance of loans, including $1.9 million in allowance for credit losses recorded on loans acquired from RSI Bank, and the consideration of current and projected economic conditions.

Goodwill and intangibles increased $33.4 million, or 36.48%, to $125.1 million at December 31, 2022 from $91.7 million at December 31, 2021. The increase is attributable to $25.4 million in adjusted goodwill and $10.3 million in core deposit intangibles initially recorded due to the RSI Bank acquisition.

Other assets increased $35.1 million, or 14.1%, to $284.8 million at December 31, 2022 from $249.6 million at December 31, 2021. The increase in other assets consisted of an increase of $37.0 million in net deferred tax assets, an increase of $9.5 million in interest rate swap assets, and an increase of $5.1 million in a low income housing tax credit asset, partially offset by a decrease of $17.2 million in the collateral balance related to our swap program and a decrease of $1.4 million in the Company's prepaid income taxes.

Total liabilities increased $1.2 billion, or 14.9%, to $9.4 billion at December 31, 2022 from $8.1 billion at December 31, 2021. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in total deposits of $430.9 million, or 5.7%, an increase in borrowings of $749.7 million, or 198.7%, and an increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities of $19.9 million, or 12.4%. The increase in total deposits primarily consisted of increases in non-interest-bearing demand deposits, money market accounts, savings and club accounts and certificates of deposit of $94.1 million, $61.4 million, $90.9 million, and $191.7 million, respectively, partially offset by a decrease in interest-bearing demand deposits of $7.1 million. These increases included $502.7 million in deposits assumed in connection with the RSI Bank acquisition. The increase in borrowings was primarily driven by a $447.0 million increase in FHLB short-term and overnight borrowings, and a net $297.2 million increase in FHLB term advances, of which $5.8 million were acquired due to the RSI Bank acquisition. The increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities primarily consisted of $10.6 million in accrued expenses and other liabilities related to the RSI Bank acquisition, a $5.2 million increase in a low income housing tax credit liability, and a $6.4 million increase in allowance for credit losses for unfunded commitments.

Total stockholders' equity decreased $25.5 million, or 2.4%, to $1.1 billion at December 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. The decrease in equity was primarily attributable to an increase of $137.1 million in unrealized losses on debt securities available for sale, net of taxes, included in other comprehensive income, and the repurchase of 4,464,405 shares of common stock totaling $94.0 million, or $21.05 per share, under our stock repurchase program, partially offset by net income of $86.2 million, and an increase in paid-in capital primarily due to the issuance of 6,086,314 shares, totaling $102.7 million, of Company common stock to Columbia Bank MHC in connection with the RSI Bank acquisition.

Asset Quality

The Company's non-performing loans at December 31, 2022 totaled $6.7 million, or 0.09% of total gross loans, as compared to $3.9 million, or 0.06% of total gross loans, at December 31, 2021. The $2.8 million increase in non-performing loans was primarily attributable to an increase of $1.3 million in non-performing one-to-four family real estate loans and a $1.3 million increase in non-performing commercial real estate loans. The increase in non-performing one-to-four family real estate loans was due to an increase in the number of loans from seven non-performing loans at December 31, 2021 to twelve loans at December 31, 2022. The increase in non-performing commercial real estate loans was due to an increase in the number of loans from one non-performing loan at December 31, 2021 to two non-performing loans at December 31, 2022. Non-performing assets as a percentage of total assets totaled 0.06% at December 31, 2022 as compared to 0.04% at December 31, 2021.

For the quarter ended December 31, 2022, net charge-offs totaled $59,000 as compared to $245,000 in net charge-offs for the quarter ended December 31, 2021. For the year ended December 31, 2022, net charge-offs totaled $45,000 as compared to $2.0 million in net charge-offs for the year ended December 31, 2021.

The Company's allowance for credit losses on loans was $52.8 million, or 0.69% of total gross loans, at December 31, 2022, compared to $62.7 million, or 0.99% of total gross loans, at December 31, 2021. The decrease in the allowance for credit losses for loans was primarily attributable to the impact of the initial adoption of the CECL standard on January 1, 2022, which resulted in a decrease to allowance for credit losses on loans of $16.8 million, partially offset by an increase in provision for credit losses of $5.5 million recorded during the year ended December 31, 2022, due to an increase in the balance of loans and evaluation of current and future economic conditions.

Stock Repurchase Program

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company repurchased 4,464,405 shares of common stock at a cost of $94.0 million, or $21.05 per share, and during the quarter ended December 31, 2022, the Company repurchased 1,043,658 shares of common stock at a cost of $22.2 million, or $21.30 per share. On December 14, 2022, the Company announced that its Board of Directors authorized the Company's fifth stock repurchase program to acquire up to 3,000,000 shares, or approximately 2.7%, of the Company's then issued and outstanding common stock, commencing upon the completion of the Company's fourth stock repurchase program. As of January 20, 2023, there are 3,096,700 shares remaining to be repurchased under the existing program.

Annual Meeting of Stockholders

On January 25, 2023, the Company also announced that its annual meeting of stockholders will be held on June 7, 2023.

About Columbia Financial, Inc.

The consolidated financial results include the accounts of Columbia Financial, Inc., its wholly-owned subsidiaries Columbia Bank and Freehold Bank, and their wholly-owned subsidiaries. Columbia Financial, Inc. is a Delaware corporation organized as Columbia Bank's mid-tier stock holding company. Columbia Financial, Inc. is a majority-owned subsidiary of Columbia Bank, MHC. Columbia Bank is a federally chartered savings bank headquartered in Fair Lawn, New Jersey that operates 65 full-service banking offices. Freehold Bank is a federally chartered savings bank headquartered in Freehold, New Jersey that operates 2 full-service banking offices. Both banks offer traditional financial services to consumers and businesses in their market areas.

Forward Looking Statements

Certain statements herein constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Exchange Act and are intended to be covered by the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements may be identified by words such as "believes," "will," "would," "expects," "projects," "may," "could," "developments," "strategic," "launching," "opportunities," "anticipates," "estimates," "intends," "plans," "targets" and similar expressions. These statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of the Company's management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements as a result of numerous factors. Factors that could cause such differences to exist include, but are not limited to, adverse conditions in the capital and debt markets and the impact of such conditions on the Company's business activities; changes in interest rates, higher inflation and their impact on national and local economic conditions; changes in monetary and fiscal policies of the U.S. Treasury, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and other governmental entities; competitive pressures from other financial institutions; the effects of general economic conditions on a national basis or in the local markets in which the Company operates, including changes that adversely affect a borrowers' ability to service and repay the Company's loans; the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic, including on our credit quality and business operations, as well as its impact on general economic and financial market conditions; changes in the value of securities in the Company's portfolio; changes in loan default and charge-off rates; fluctuations in real estate values; the adequacy of loan loss reserves; decreases in deposit levels necessitating increased borrowing to fund loans and securities; legislative changes and changes in government regulation; changes in accounting standards and practices; the risk that goodwill and intangibles recorded in the Company's consolidated financial statements will become impaired; demand for loans in the Company's market area; the Company's ability to attract and maintain deposits; risks related to the implementation of acquisitions, dispositions, and restructurings; the risk that the Company may not be successful in the implementation of its business strategy, or its integration of acquired financial institutions and businesses, and changes in assumptions used in making such forward-looking statements which are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to, those set forth in Item 1A of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K and those set forth in the Company's Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K, all as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"), which are available at the SEC's website, www.sec.gov. Should one or more of these risks materialize or should underlying beliefs or assumptions prove incorrect, the Company's actual results could differ materially from those discussed. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this release. The Company disclaims any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect changes in underlying assumptions or factors, new information, future events or other changes, except as required by law.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Reported amounts are presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). This press release also contains certain supplemental non-GAAP information that the Company's management uses in its analysis of the Company's financial results. Specifically, the Company provides measures based on what it believes are its operating earnings on a consistent basis, and excludes material non-routine operating items which affect the GAAP reporting of results of operations. The Company's management believes that providing this information to analysts and investors allows them to better understand and evaluate the Company's core financial results for the periods presented. Because non-GAAP financial measures are not standardized, it may not be possible to compare these financial measures with other companies' non-GAAP financial measures having the same or similar names.

The Company also provides measurements and ratios based on tangible stockholders' equity. These measures are commonly utilized by regulators and market analysts to evaluate a company's financial condition and, therefore, the Company's management believes that such information is useful to investors.

A reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP financial measures are included at the end of this press release. See "Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures".

 
COLUMBIA FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition
(In thousands)
 
 December 31,
 2022 2021
Assets(Unaudited)  
Cash and due from banks$179,097 $70,702
Short-term investments 131  261
Total cash and cash equivalents 179,228  70,963
    
Debt securities available for sale, at fair value 1,328,634  1,703,847
Debt securities held to maturity, at amortized cost (fair value of $370,391, and $434,789 at December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively) 421,523  429,734
Equity securities, at fair value 3,384  2,710
Federal Home Loan Bank stock 58,114  23,141
    
Loans receivable 7,677,564  6,360,601
Less: allowance for credit losses (1) 52,803  62,689
Loans receivable, net 7,624,761  6,297,912
    
Accrued interest receivable 33,898  28,300
Office properties and equipment, net 83,877  78,708
Bank-owned life insurance 264,854  247,474
Goodwill and intangible assets 125,142  91,693
Other assets 284,754  249,615
Total assets$10,408,169 $9,224,097
    
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity   
Liabilities:   
Deposits$8,001,159 $7,570,216
Borrowings 1,127,047  377,309
Advance payments by borrowers for taxes and insurance 45,460  36,471
Accrued expenses and other liabilities 180,908  161,020
Total liabilities 9,354,574  8,145,016
    
Stockholders' equity:   
Total stockholders' equity 1,053,595  1,079,081
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$10,408,169 $9,224,097
    
(1) The Company adopted ASU 2016-13 as of January 1, 2022. Prior year periods have not been restated.


 
COLUMBIA FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Income
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
 
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 Year Ended
December 31,
  2022   2021   2022   2021 
Interest income:(Unaudited) (Unaudited)  
Loans receivable$76,159  $56,939  $263,559  $228,841 
Debt securities available for sale and equity securities 8,480   8,690   34,221   30,211 
Debt securities held to maturity 2,471   2,376   9,694   8,632 
Federal funds and interest-earning deposits 229   120   474   430 
Federal Home Loan Bank stock dividends 593   454   1,722   2,036 
Total interest income 87,932   68,579   309,670   270,150 
Interest expense:       
Deposits 11,552   5,706   27,878   29,109 
Borrowings 7,987   1,911   15,015   7,907 
Total interest expense 19,539   7,617   42,893   37,016 
        
Net interest income 68,393   60,962   266,777   233,134 
        
Provision for (reversal of) credit losses (1) 971   (7,392)  5,485   (9,953)
        
Net interest income after provision for (reversal of) credit losses 67,422   68,354   261,292   243,087 
        
Non-interest income:       
Demand deposit account fees 1,164   1,121   5,293   3,803 
Bank-owned life insurance 1,892   1,519   7,393   5,994 
Title insurance fees 635   1,534   3,423   6,088 
Loan fees and service charges 996   774   3,924   2,983 
Gain on securities transactions    10   210   2,025 
Change in fair value of equity securities (69)  17   (401)  (1,792)
Gain (loss) on sale of loans 69   (24)  178   10,790 
Other non-interest income 2,839   2,020   10,380   8,940 
Total non-interest income 7,526   6,971   30,400   38,831 
        
Non-interest expense:       
Compensation and employee benefits 30,533   28,028   116,926   99,534 
Occupancy 5,751   5,159   22,589   20,071 
Federal deposit insurance premiums 669   623   2,591   2,374 
Advertising 650   498   2,865   2,358 
Professional fees 2,431   2,156   8,158   7,363 
Data processing and software expenses 3,326   3,316   13,362   11,497 
Merger-related expenses 134   692   2,810   822 
Loss on extinguishment of debt    2,109      2,851 
Other non-interest expense 1,014   791   5,515   8,867 
Total non-interest expense 44,508   43,372   174,816   155,737 
        
Income before income tax expense 30,440   31,953   116,876   126,181 
        
Income tax expense 8,549   8,619   30,703   34,132 
        
Net income$21,891  $23,334  $86,173  $92,049 
        
Earnings per share-basic$0.21  $0.23  $0.82  $0.88 
Earnings per share-diluted$0.21  $0.23  $0.81  $0.88 
Weighted average shares outstanding-basic 105,997,676   103,175,662   105,580,823   104,156,112 
Weighted average shares outstanding-diluted 106,631,357   103,441,082   106,193,161   104,156,112 
        
(1) The Company adopted ASU 2016-13 as of January 1, 2022. Prior year periods have not been restated.
 


 
COLUMBIA FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Average Balances/Yields
 
 For the Three Months Ended December 31,
  2022   2021 
 Average
Balance
 Interest and
Dividends
 Yield / Cost Average
Balance
 Interest and
Dividends
 Yield / Cost
 (Dollars in thousands)
Interest-earnings assets:           
Loans$7,458,467  $76,159 4.05% $6,164,058  $56,939 3.66%
Securities 1,774,890   10,951 2.45%  2,188,093   11,066 2.01%
Other interest-earning assets 81,592   822 4.00%  322,636   574 0.71%
Total interest-earning assets 9,314,949   87,932 3.75%  8,674,787   68,579 3.14%
Non-interest-earning assets 842,571       690,630     
Total assets$10,157,520      $9,365,417     
            
Interest-bearing liabilities:           
Interest-bearing demand$2,684,095  $4,882 0.72% $2,549,131  $1,942 0.30%
Money market accounts 709,591   1,244 0.70%  646,324   363 0.22%
Savings and club deposits 932,732   121 0.05%  793,670   119 0.06%
Certificates of deposit 1,937,489   5,305 1.09%  1,777,361   3,282 0.73%
Total interest-bearing deposits 6,263,907   11,552 0.73%  5,766,486   5,706 0.39%
FHLB advances 820,634   7,558 3.65%  690,445   1,824 1.05%
Notes payable 29,885   297 3.94%  2,933   25 3.38%
Junior subordinated debentures 7,499   130 6.88%  7,352   62 3.35%
Other borrowings 163   2 4.87%      %
Total borrowings 858,181   7,987 3.69%  700,730   1,911 1.08%
Total interest-bearing liabilities 7,122,088  $19,539 1.09%  6,467,216  $7,617 0.47%
            
Non-interest-bearing liabilities:           
Non-interest-bearing deposits 1,759,372       1,646,975     
Other non-interest-bearing liabilities 244,504       198,764     
Total liabilities 9,125,964       8,312,955     
Total stockholders' equity 1,031,556       1,052,462     
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$10,157,520      $9,365,417     
            
Net interest income  $68,393     $60,962  
Interest rate spread    2.66%     2.67%
Net interest-earning assets$2,192,861      $2,207,571     
Net interest margin    2.91%     2.79%
Ratio of interest-earning assets to interest-bearing liabilities 130.79%      134.13%    


 
COLUMBIA FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Average Balances/Yields
 
 For the Years Ended December 31,
  2022   2021 
 Average
Balance
 Interest and
Dividends
 Yield / Cost Average
Balance
 Interest and
Dividends
 Yield / Cost
 (Dollars in thousands)
Interest-earnings assets:           
Loans$6,939,419  $263,559 3.80% $6,139,290  $228,841 3.73%
Securities 1,943,459   43,915 2.26%  1,965,901   38,843 1.98%
Other interest-earning assets 76,500   2,196 2.87%  350,162   2,466 0.70%
Total interest-earning assets 8,959,378  $309,670 3.46%  8,455,353  $270,150 3.20%
Non-interest-earning assets 782,444       647,650     
Total assets$9,741,822      $9,103,003     
            
Interest-bearing liabilities:           
Interest-bearing demand$2,685,675  $11,307 0.42% $2,395,493  $8,177 0.34%
Money market accounts 695,849   2,593 0.37%  632,011   1,900 0.30%
Savings and club deposits 922,916   466 0.05%  752,983   731 0.10%
Certificates of deposit 1,834,876   13,512 0.74%  1,835,866   18,301 1.00%
Total interest-bearing deposits 6,139,316   27,878 0.45%  5,616,353   29,109 0.52%
FHLB advances 546,542   13,449 2.46%  724,790   7,637 1.05%
Notes payable 30,084   1,194 3.97%  740   25 3.38%
Junior subordinated debentures 7,600   370 4.87%  7,448   245 3.29%
Other borrowings 55   2 3.64%      %
Total borrowings 584,281   15,015 2.57%  732,978   7,907 1.08%
Total interest-bearing liabilities 6,723,597  $42,893 0.64%  6,349,331  $37,016 0.58%
            
Non-interest-bearing liabilities:           
Non-interest-bearing deposits 1,742,607       1,522,322     
Other non-interest-bearing liabilities 210,280       206,436     
Total liabilities 8,676,484       8,078,089     
Total stockholders' equity 1,065,338       1,024,914     
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$9,741,822      $9,103,003     
            
Net interest income  $266,777     $233,134  
Interest rate spread    2.82%     2.62%
Net interest-earning assets$2,235,781      $2,106,022     
Net interest margin    2.98%     2.76%
Ratio of interest-earning assets to interest-bearing liabilities 133.25%      133.17%    


 
COLUMBIA FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Components of Net Interest Rate Spread and Margin
 
 Average Yields/Costs by Quarter
 December 31,
2022
 September 30,
2022
 June 30,
2022
 March 31,
2022
 December 31,
2021
Yield on interest-earning assets:         
Loans4.05% 3.80% 3.68% 3.62% 3.66%
Securities2.45  2.27  2.14  2.20  2.01 
Other interest-earning assets4.00  2.68  1.93  2.81  0.71 
Total interest-earning assets3.75% 3.47% 3.31% 3.27% 3.14%
          
Cost of interest-bearing liabilities:         
Total interest-bearing deposits0.73% 0.44% 0.31% 0.32% 0.39%
Total borrowings3.69  2.47  1.67  1.32  1.08 
Total interest-earning liabilities1.09% 0.62% 0.40% 0.39% 0.47%
          
Interest rate spread2.66% 2.85% 2.91% 2.88% 2.67%
Net interest margin2.91% 3.01% 3.01% 2.98% 2.79%
          
Ratio of interest-earning assets to interest-bearing liabilities130.79% 132.57% 134.81% 135.20% 134.13%


 
COLUMBIA FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Selected Financial Highlights
 
        
 Three Months
Ended December 31,
 Years Ended December 31,
 2022  2021  2022  2021 
SELECTED FINANCIAL RATIOS (1):       
Return on average assets0.86% 0.99% 0.88% 1.01%
Core return on average assets0.87% 1.09% 0.93% 1.03%
Return on average equity8.42% 8.80% 8.09% 8.98%
Core return on average equity8.52% 9.68% 8.49% 9.16%
Core return on average tangible equity9.70% 10.57% 9.56% 10.01%
Interest rate spread2.66% 2.67% 2.82% 2.62%
Net interest margin2.91% 2.79% 2.98% 2.76%
Non-interest income to average assets0.29% 0.30% 0.31% 0.43%
Non-interest expense to average assets1.74% 1.84% 1.79% 1.71%
Efficiency ratio58.63% 63.85% 58.83% 57.26%
Core efficiency ratio58.26% 59.73% 56.64% 56.13%
Average interest-earning assets to average interest-bearing liabilities130.79% 134.13% 133.25% 133.17%
Net charge-offs to average outstanding loans% 0.02% % 0.03%
        
(1) Ratios for the three months are annualized when appropriate.       


CAPITAL RATIOS:   
 December 31,
 2022 (1) 2021 
Company:   
Total capital (to risk-weighted assets)15.39% 17.13%
Tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets)14.59% 16.15%
Common equity tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets)14.49% 16.04%
Tier 1 capital (to adjusted total assets)10.68% 11.23%
    
Columbia Bank:   
Total capital (to risk-weighted assets)14.12% 15.39%
Tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets)13.32% 14.38%
Common equity tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets)13.32% 14.38%
Tier 1 capital (to adjusted total assets)9.74% 9.80%
    
Freehold Bank:   
Total capital (to risk-weighted assets)22.92% 22.87%
Tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets)22.19% 22.86%
Common equity tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets)22.19% 22.86%
Tier 1 capital (to adjusted total assets)15.19% 13.71%
    
(1) Estimated ratios at December 31, 2022.   


ASSET QUALITY:   
 December 31,
  2022   2021 
 (Dollars in thousands)
Non-accrual loans$6,721  $3,939 
90+ and still accruing     
Non-performing loans 6,721   3,939 
Real estate owned     
Total non-performing assets$6,721  $3,939 
    
Non-performing loans to total gross loans 0.09%  0.06%
Non-performing assets to total assets 0.06%  0.04%
Allowance for credit losses on loans ("ACL")$52,803  $62,689 
ACL to total non-performing loans 785.64%  1,591.50%
ACL to gross loans 0.69%  0.99%
Unamortized purchase accounting fair value credit marks on acquired loans$4,025  $5,019 


LOAN DATA:   
 December 31,
  2022   2021 
Real estate loans:(In thousands)
One-to-four family$2,860,184  $2,092,317 
Multifamily 1,239,207   1,041,108 
Commercial real estate 2,413,394   2,170,236 
Construction 336,553   295,047 
Commercial business loans 497,469   452,232 
Consumer loans:   
Home equity loans and advances 274,302   276,563 
Other consumer loans 3,425   1,428 
Total gross loans 7,624,534   6,328,931 
Purchased credit deteriorated ("PCD") loans 17,059   6,791 
Net deferred loan costs, fees and purchased premiums and discounts 35,971   24,879 
Allowance for credit losses (52,803)  (62,689)
Loans receivable, net$7,624,761  $6,297,912 
    


Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures
     
Book and Tangible Book Value per Share
  December 31,
   2022   2021 
  (Dollars in thousands)
Total stockholders' equity $1,053,595  $1,079,081 
Less: goodwill  (110,715)  (85,324)
Less: core deposit intangible  (13,505)  (5,214)
Total tangible stockholders' equity $929,375  $988,543 
     
Shares outstanding  108,970,476   107,442,453 
     
Book value per share $9.67  $10.04 
Tangible book value per share $8.53  $9.20 


Reconciliation of Core Net Income
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
  Years Ended
December 31,
  2022  2021   2022   2021 
 (In thousands)
Net income$21,891 $23,334  $86,173  $92,049 
Less: gain on securities transactions, net of tax   (7)  (156)  (1,481)
Less: insurance settlement, net of tax      (486)   
Add: merger-related expenses, net of tax 168  879   2,210   974 
Add: loss on extinguishment of debt, net of tax   1,539      2,079 
Add: litigation expense, net of tax 46     2,913    
Add: branch closure expense, net of tax 58     199   410 
Core net income$22,163 $25,745  $90,853  $94,031 


Return on Average Assets
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
  Years Ended
December 31,
  2022   2021   2022   2021 
 (Dollars in thousands)
Net income$21,891  $23,334  $86,173  $92,049 
        
Average assets$10,157,520  $9,365,417  $9,741,822  $9,103,003 
        
Return on average assets 0.86%  0.99%  0.88%  1.01%
        
Core net income$22,163  $25,745  $90,853  $94,031 
        
Core return on average assets 0.87%  1.09%  0.93%  1.03%


Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures (continued)  
        
Return on Average Equity
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
  Years Ended
December 31,
  2022   2021   2022   2021 
 (Dollars in thousands)
Total average stockholders' equity$1,031,556  $1,052,462  $1,065,338  $1,024,914 
Less: gain on securities transactions, net of tax    (7)  (156)  (1,481)
Less: insurance settlement, net of tax       (486)   
Add: merger-related expenses, net of tax 168   879   2,210   974 
Add: loss on extinguishment of debt, net of tax    1,539      2,079 
Add: litigation expenses, net of tax 46      2,913    
Add: branch closure expense, net of tax 58      199   410 
Core average stockholders' equity$1,031,828  $1,054,873  $1,070,018  $1,026,896 
        
Return on average equity 8.42%  8.80%  8.09%  8.98%
        
Core return on core average equity 8.52%  9.68%  8.49%  9.16%


Return on Average Tangible Equity
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 Years Ended
December 31,
  2022   2021   2022   2021 
 (Dollars in thousands)
Total average stockholders' equity$1,031,556  $1,052,462  $1,065,338  $1,024,914 
Less: average goodwill (111,115)  (81,018)  (103,477)  (79,842)
Less: average core deposit intangible (13,905)  (5,346)  (11,352)  (5,717)
Total average tangible stockholders' equity$906,536  $966,098  $950,509  $939,355 
        
Core return on average tangible equity 9.70%  10.57%  9.56%  10.01%


Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures (continued)  
        
Efficiency Ratios
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
  Years Ended
December 31,
  2022   2021   2022   2021 
 (Dollars in thousands)
Net interest income$68,393  $60,962  $266,777  $233,134 
Non-interest income 7,526   6,971   30,400   38,831 
Total income$75,919  $67,933  $297,177  $271,965 
        
Non-interest expense$44,508  $43,372  $174,816  $155,737 
        
Efficiency ratio 58.63%  63.85%  58.83%  57.26%
        
Non-interest income$7,526  $6,971  $30,400  $38,831 
Less: gain on securities transactions    (10)  (210)  (2,025)
Less: insurance settlement       (650)   
Core non-interest income$7,526  $6,961  $29,540  $36,806 
        
Non-interest expense$44,508  $43,372  $174,816  $155,737 
Less: merger-related expenses (134)  (692)  (2,810)  (822)
Less: loss on extinguishment of debt    (2,109)     (2,851)
Less: litigation expenses (62)     (3,916)   
Less: branch closure expense (78)     (266)  (548)
Core non-interest expense$44,234  $40,571  $167,824  $151,516 
        
Core efficiency ratio 58.26%  59.73%  56.64%  56.13%
                

Columbia Financial, Inc.
Investor Relations Department
(833) 550-0717 

Image for Press Release 1627209
Image for Press Release 1627209