Tiptree Reports 2017 Results
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Business Wire 14-Mar-2018 4:55 PM
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Revenues of $581.8 million for 2017, up 14.9% from 2016.
Net income before non-controlling interests of $5.2 million for 2017, a decrease of $27.1 million from 2016, primarily driven by unrealized losses on equity securities, partially offset by a $15.2 million tax benefit from the 2017 tax act.
Adjusted EBITDA (1) of $38.0 million for 2017, down from $78.9 million in 2016. Normalized EBITDA (1), which removes the impact of realized and unrealized gains and losses and stock-based compensation, of $60.9 million for 2017, compared to $60.5 million in 2017.
Book value per share, as exchanged (1) of $9.97, down 1.7% compared to $10.14 as of December31, 2016 as the exercise of a founders option more than offset net income and the impact of share repurchases at a discount to book.
Continued with our strategy to streamline the business through multiple sales which reduced leverage as of December 31, 2017 to less than 0.9x.
Declared a dividend of $0.03 per share to Class A stockholders of record onMarch26, 2018with a payment date ofApril2, 2018.
NEW YORK--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Tiptree Inc. (NASDAQ:TIPT) (Tiptree or the Company), a holding company that combines specialty insurance operations with investment management expertise today announced its financial results for the year ended December 31, 2017.
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Summary Consolidated Statements of Operations
($ in millions, except for per share information) Year Ended December 31,
GAAP: 2017 2016
Total revenues $ 581.8 $ 506.4
Net income before non-controlling interests $ 5.2 $ 32.3
Net income attributable to Tiptree Inc. Class A common stockholders $ 3.6 $ 25.3
Diluted earnings per share $ 0.11 $ 0.78
Cash dividends paid per common share $ 0.12 $ 0.10

Non-GAAP: (1)
Adjusted EBITDA $ 38.0 $ 78.9
Normalized EBITDA $ 60.9 $ 60.5
Book value per share, as exchanged $ 9.97 $ 10.14
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(1) For a reconciliation to U.S. GAAP, see Non-GAAP Reconciliations below.
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Earnings Conference Call
Tiptree will host a conference call on Thursday, March 15, 2018 at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time to discuss its full year 2017 financial results. A copy of our investor presentation, to be used during the conference call, as well as this press release, will be available in the Investor Relations section of the Companys website, located at www.tiptreeinc.com.
The conference call will be available via live or archived webcast at http://www.investors.tiptreeinc.com. To listen to a live broadcast, go to the site at least 15 minutes prior to the scheduled start time in order to register, download and install any necessary audio software. To participate in the telephone conference call, please dial 1-877-407-4018 (domestic) or 1-201-689-8471 (international). Please dial in at least five minutes prior to the start time.
A replay of the call will be available from Thursday, March 15, 2018 at 1:00 p.m. Eastern Time, until midnight Eastern on Thursday, March 22, 2018. To listen to the replay, please dial 1-844-512-2921 (domestic)or 1-412-317-6671 (international), Passcode: 13676794.
2017 Financial Overview
Consolidated Highlights
During 2017 and early 2018, in furtherance of our strategy to grow sustainable earnings and Adjusted EBITDA, we executed on several strategic objectives.
Insurance:
Specialty Insurance operations continued to grow and expand product offerings. Gross written premiums were $767 million, up 8.3%, driven by growth in warranty and credit products. Net written premiums were $418 million, up 24.0%, driven by increase in retention of credit products and growth in warranty products.
In Q4'17, we completed the issuance of $125 million of 40 year Junior Subordinated Notes which refinanced existing indebtedness and strengthened the capital position as part of our strategy to grow the insurance company.
Tiptree Capital:
On February 1, 2018, we sold our senior living operations to Invesque in exchange for 16.6 million shares. Tiptrees increase to book value was approximately $0.91 per share, or a 9.1% increase over our December 31, 2017 book value per share, as exchanged. The transaction is expected to be accretive to our 2018 GAAP earnings per share and Adjusted EBITDA. At December 31, 2017, our senior living operations are carried as discontinued operations.
Through the Invesque transaction, along with additional pending or closed sales in 2017, Tiptrees consolidated debt was reduced by $518 million from September 30, 2017 to December 31, 2017. After giving effect to these transactions, the Companys debt to equity leverage was reduced from 2.2x to less than 0.9x.
On October 1, 2017, we sold our investment in our commercial lending subsidiary for $13.5 million in a combination of cash and a sellers note.
On December 12, 2017, we entered into a definitive agreement to sell Luxury Mortgage. The agreement is subject to, among other things, regulatory approval, and is expected to close during the second half of 2018.
Throughout 2017, we exited substantially all of our CLO subordinated note positions and related hedges for $3.9 million in gains over our carrying value.
As a result of the above divestitures, we have approximately $90 million of cash, net of cash at regulated insurance subsidiaries, that can be used for investments and acquisitions.
We returned $11.8 million to investors through $7.3 million of share buy-backs and $4.5 million of dividends paid.
Consolidated Results of Operations
Revenues
The increase in revenues from 2016 to 2017 was $75.4 million, or 14.9%, driven by growth in earned premiums and net investment income in our insurance operations, partially offset by reduced service and administrative fees, ceding commissions, and unrealized losses on equities in our specialty insurance investment portfolio, as compared to prior period gains. This was consistent with our strategy to grow written premiums of our insurance business, which contributes to increased investable assets and investment income. In addition to the growth in revenues, the combination of unearned premiums and deferred revenues on the balance sheet grew by $93.0 million or 19.9%, as we continue to grow credit protection and warranty written premiums, which are earned over multiple years.
Net Income (Loss) before non-controlling interests
For the year ended December 31, 2017, net income before non-controlling interests was $5.2 million compared to net income of $32.3 million in the 2016 period, a decrease of $27.1 million, or 83.8%. The decline was primarily a result of the unrealized losses on equities in our insurance investment portfolio, compared to unrealized gains in the prior period. Increased stock-based compensation expense in specialty insurance and increased earn-out expense associated with our Reliance acquisition also contributed to the decline. We also reduced our exposure to CLO subordinated notes throughout 2017 which resulted in less distributions compared to 2016. Those factors were partially offset by a net tax benefit of $15.2 million driven by remeasurement of our net deferred tax liabilities as a result of the Tax Acts change in federal income tax rate from 35% to 21% and decreases in corporate expenses.
Net Income (Loss) Available to Class A Common Stockholders
For the year ended December 31, 2017, net income available to Class A common stockholders was $3.6 million, a decrease of $21.7 million from the prior year period. The key drivers of net income available to Class A common stockholders were the same factors which impacted the net income before non-controlling interests.
Non-GAAP
Management uses Adjusted EBITDA and book value per share, as exchanged as measurements of operating performance which are non-GAAP measures. Management believes that use of Adjusted EBITDA provides supplemental information useful to investors as it is frequently used by the financial community to analyze financial performance, and to analyze a companys ability to service its debt and to facilitate comparison among companies. Adjusted EBITDA is also used in determining incentive compensation for the Companys executive officers. Adjusted EBITDA is not a measurement of financial performance or liquidity under GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative or substitute for GAAP net income. Book value per share, as exchanged assumes full exchange of the limited partners units of TFP for Tiptree Class A common stock. Management believes that use of this financial measure provides supplemental information useful to investors as it is frequently used by the financial community to analyze company growth on a relative per share basis.
Total Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2017 was $38.0 million compared to $78.9 million for the 2016 period, a decrease of $40.9 million, or 51.8%. The key drivers of the change in Adjusted EBITDA were the same as those which impacted our net income before non-controlling interests, excluding the increase in the Reliance earn-out expense, the change in the tax provision and non-recurring expenses which were added back to Adjusted EBITDA. See Non-GAAP Reconciliations for a reconciliation to GAAP net income.
As exchanged book value per share for the period ended December31, 2017 was $9.97, a decrease from $10.14 as of December31, 2016. The key drivers of the period-over-period impact were increases in net income that drove 2017 diluted earnings per share of $0.11 and the purchase of 1.0 million shares at an average 28% discount to book value. Those increases were more than offset by dividends paid of $0.12, officer and director compensation share issuances, and the exercise of an option in June 2017, the latter of which resulted in 1.5 million shares being issued at $5.36 per share. Given the strike price of the option, the impact was a $0.19 reduction to book value per share. In 2017, Tiptree returned $11.8 million to shareholders through share repurchases and dividends paid.
Key Non-Cash Drivers of Pre-tax Income and Adjusted EBITDA
The table below highlights certain key non-cash drivers impacting our consolidated results. We believe highlighting these significant, non-cash items provides useful additional information to investors. For a further discussion on these key drivers, see Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Conditions and Results of Operations Results of Operations Consolidated Results of Operations in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.
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($ in thousands) Year Ended December 31,
2017 2016
Unrealized & realized gains (losses) on equity securities $ (23,753 ) $ 11,694
Stock-based compensation $ (6,560 ) $ (2,584 )
Reliance contingent earn-out liability (1) $ (3,039 ) $ (1,277 )
Depreciation and amortization (1)(2) $ (29,486 ) $ (28,468 )
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(1) Added back to Adjusted EBITDA. For a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDAto GAAP financials, see Non-GAAP Reconciliations.
(2) Includes depreciation and amortization from continuing and discontinued operations.Depreciation and amortization associated with Care was $15.6 million for 2017and $14.2 million for 2016.

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Results by Segment
Tiptree is a holding company that combines insurance operations with investment management expertise. In addition to our specialty insurance operations, we allocate our capital across our investments in other companies and assets which we refer to as Tiptree Capital. As of December 31, 2017, Tiptree Capital consists of asset management operations, mortgage operations and other investments. As such, we classify our business into three reportable segments specialty insurance, asset management and mortgage. Corporate activities include holding company interest expense, employee compensation and benefits, and other expenses.
As of December 31, 2017, the Company sold its interests in Siena and classified Care and Luxury as held for sale. At the time of such classification, the pending sale of Care also met the requirements to be classified as a discontinued operation. Each of these divestitures are no longer considered operating segments. As a result of these divestitures, our reportable segments dropped from four to three, with the elimination of Senior Living segment and renaming Specialty Finance to Mortgage. The following table presents the components of total pre-tax income including continuing and discontinued operations.
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Pre-tax Income

($ in thousands) Year Ended December 31,
2017 2016
Specialty insurance $ 5,404 $ 46,804
Tiptree Capital:
Asset management 14,245 25,264
Mortgage 2,090 4,882
Other 4,001 6,996
Corporate (29,070 ) (34,806 )
Pre-tax income (loss) from continuing operations $ (3,330 ) $ 49,140
Pre-tax income (loss) from discontinued operations (1) (6,222 ) (5,824 )
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(1) Consists of Care for 2016 and 2017.

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Management evaluates the return on Invested Capital and Total Capital, which are non-GAAP financial measures, when making capital investment decisions. Invested Capital represents its total cash investment, including any re-investment of earnings, and acquisition costs, net of tax. Total Capital represents Invested Capital plus Corporate Debt. Management believes the use of these financial measures provide supplemental information useful to investors as they are frequently used by the financial community to analyze how the Company has allocated capital over-time and provide a basis for determining the return on capital to shareholders. Management uses both of these measures when making capital investment decisions, including reinvesting cash, and evaluating the relative performance of its businesses and investments. The following table presents the components of Total Capital and Adjusted EBITDA.
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Invested Capital and Adjusted EBITDA - Non-GAAP (1)

($ in thousands) Year Ended December 31,
Total Capital Adjusted EBITDA
2017 2016 2017 2016
Specialty Insurance $ 441,317 $ 410,190 $ 26,961 $ 60,526
Tiptree Capital 161,825 215,262 35,430 49,954
Asset management 4,977 73,173 14,245 25,265
Mortgage 30,725 25,257 5,677 6,671
Other (2) 126,123 116,832 15,508 18,018
Corporate 37,965 393 (24,403 ) (31,564 )
Total Tiptree $ 641,107 $ 625,845 $ 37,988 $ 78,916
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(1) For further information relating to the Companys Total Capital and Adjusted EBITDA, including a reconciliation to GAAP total stockholders equity and pre-tax income, see Non-GAAP Reconciliations.
(2) Includes discontinued operations related to Care. As of February 1, 2018, invested capital from Care discontinued operations is represented by our investment in Invesque common shares. For more information, see Note(4) Dispositions, Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations, in the Form 10-K for December 31, 2017.

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About Tiptree
Tiptree Inc. (NASDAQ: TIPT) is a holding company that combines insurance operations with investment management expertise. The Companys principal operating subsidiary is a leading provider of specialty insurance products and related services, including credit protection, warranty, and programs which underwrite niche personal and commercial lines of insurance. The Company also allocates capital across a broad spectrum of investments, which is referred to as Tiptree Capital. Today, Tiptree Capital consists of asset management operations, mortgage operations and other investments. For more information, please visit www.tiptreeinc.com.
Forward-Looking Statements
This release contains forward-looking statements which involve risks, uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are beyond the Companys control, which may cause actual results, performance, or achievements to differ materially from anticipated results, performance, or achievements. All statements contained in this release that are not clearly historical in nature are forward-looking, and the words anticipate, believe, estimate, expect, intend, may, might, plan, project, should, target, will, or similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about the Companys plans, objectives, expectations and intentions. The forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are beyond our control, are difficult to predict and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or forecast in the forward-looking statements. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including, but not limited to those described in the section entitled Risk Factors in the Companys Annual Report on Form 10-K, and as described in the Companys other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as to the date of this release. The factors described therein are not necessarily all of the important factors that could cause actual results or developments to differ materially from those expressed in any of our forward-looking statements.Other unknown or unpredictable factors also could affect our forward-looking statements. Consequently, our actual performance could be materially different from the results described or anticipated by our forward-looking statements. Given these uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Except as required by the federal securities laws, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements.
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Tiptree Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheet
($ in thousands, except share data)
As of December 31,
2017 2016
Assets:
Investments:
Available for sale securities, at fair value $ 182,448 $ 146,171
Loans, at fair value 258,173 373,089
Loans at amortized cost, net 113,138
Equity securities, trading, at fair value 25,536 48,612
Other investments 59,142 47,724
Total investments 525,299 728,734
Cash and cash equivalents 110,667 49,786
Restricted cash 31,570 24,472
Notes and accounts receivable, net 186,422 153,638
Reinsurance receivables 352,967 296,234
Deferred acquisition costs 147,162 126,608
Goodwill 91,562 92,767
Intangible assets, net 64,017 73,658
Other assets 31,584 31,489
Assets of consolidated CLOs 989,495
Assets held for sale 448,492 323,169
Total assets $ 1,989,742 $ 2,890,050

Liabilities and Stockholders Equity
Liabilities:
Debt, net $ 346,081 $ 554,870
Unearned premiums 503,446 414,960
Policy liabilities and unpaid claims 112,003 103,391
Deferred revenue 56,745 52,254
Reinsurance payable 90,554 70,588
Other liabilities and accrued expenses 121,321 124,241
Liabilities of consolidated CLOs 931,969
Liabilities held for sale 362,818 247,633
Total liabilities $ 1,592,968 $ 2,499,906
Commitments and contingencies (see Note 23)

Stockholders Equity:
Preferred stock: $0.001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized,none issued or outstanding $ $
Common stock - Class A: $0.001 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized,35,003,004 and 34,983,616 shares issued and outstanding, respectively 35 35
Common stock - Class B: $0.001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized,8,049,029 and 8,049,029 shares issued and outstanding, respectively 8 8
Additional paid-in capital 295,582 297,391
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax 966 555
Retained earnings 38,079 37,974
Class A common stock held by subsidiaries, 5,197,551 and6,596,000 shares, respectively (34,585 ) (42,524 )
Class B common stock held by subsidiaries, 8,049,029 and8,049,029 shares, respectively (8 ) (8 )
Total Tiptree Inc. stockholders equity 300,077 293,431
Non-controlling interests - TFP 77,494 76,077
Non-controlling interests - Other 19,203 20,636
Total stockholders equity 396,774 390,144
Total liabilities and stockholders equity $ 1,989,742 $ 2,890,050
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Tiptree Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
($ in thousands, except share data)
Year Ended December 31,
2017 2016 2015
Revenues:
Earned premiums, net $ 371,700 $ 229,436 $ 166,265
Service and administrative fees 95,160 109,348 106,525
Ceding commissions 8,770 24,784 43,217
Net investment income 16,286 12,981 5,455
Net realized and unrealized gains (losses) 47,607 87,300 31,469
Other revenue 42,275 42,574 39,400
Total revenues 581,798 506,423 392,331
Expenses:
Policy and contract benefits 123,959 106,784 86,312
Commission expense 241,835 147,253 105,751
Employee compensation and benefits 115,949 115,612 89,331
Interest expense 25,562 21,010 16,695
Depreciation and amortization 13,841 14,302 30,578
Other expenses 74,439 72,576 59,679
Total expenses 595,585 477,537 388,346
Other income:
Income attributable to consolidated CLOs 24,903 53,577 23,613
Expenses attributable to consolidated CLOs 14,446 33,323 30,502
Net income (loss) attributable to consolidated CLOs 10,457 20,254 (6,889 )
Total other income 10,457 20,254 (6,889 )
Income (loss) before taxes from continuing operations (3,330 ) 49,140 (2,904 )
Less: provision (benefit) for income taxes (12,562 ) 12,515 (753 )
Net income (loss) from continuing operations 9,232 36,625 (2,151 )
Discontinued operations:
Income (loss) before taxes from discontinued operations (6,222 ) (5,824 ) 1,260
Gain on sale of discontinued operations 27,220
Less: Provision (benefit) for income taxes (2,224 ) (1,537 ) 17,527
Net income (loss) from discontinued operations (3,998 ) (4,287 ) 10,953
Net income (loss) before non-controlling interests 5,234 32,338 8,802
Less: net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests - TFP 748 6,432 2,630
Less: net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests - Other 882 586 393
Net income (loss) attributable to Tiptree Inc. Class A common stockholders $ 3,604 $ 25,320 $ 5,779

Net income (loss) per Class A common share:
Basic, continuing operations, net $ 0.22 $ 0.88 $ (0.01 )
Basic, discontinued operations, net (0.10 ) (0.09 ) 0.18
Basic earnings per share $ 0.12 $ 0.79 $ 0.17

Diluted, continuing operations, net 0.21 0.86 (0.01 )
Diluted, discontinued operations, net (0.10 ) (0.08 ) 0.18
Diluted earnings per share $ 0.11 $ 0.78 $ 0.17

Weighted average number of Class A common shares:
Basic 29,134,190 31,721,449 33,202,681
Diluted 37,306,632 31,766,674 33,202,681

Dividends declared per common share $ 0.12 $ 0.10 $ 0.10

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Tiptree Inc.
Non-GAAP Reconciliations (Unaudited)
Non-GAAP Financial Measures EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
The Company defines EBITDA as GAAP net income of the Company adjusted to add consolidated interest expense, consolidated income taxes and consolidated depreciation and amortization expense as presented in its financial statements and Adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA adjusted to (i) subtract interest expense on asset-specific debt incurred in the ordinary course of its subsidiaries business operations, (ii) adjust for the effect of purchase accounting, (iii) adjust for non-cash fair value adjustments, and (iv) any significant non-recurring expenses.
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($ in thousands) Year Ended December 31,
2017 2016 2015
Net income (loss) available to Class A common stockholders $ 3,604 $ 25,320 $ 5,779
Add: net (loss) income attributable to noncontrolling interests 1,630 7,018 3,023
Less: net income from discontinued operations (3,998 ) (4,287 ) $ 10,953
Income (loss) from continuing operations $ 9,232 $ 36,625 $ (2,151 )
Consolidated interest expense 25,562 21,010 16,695
Consolidated income tax expense (benefit) (12,562 ) 12,515 (753 )
Consolidated depreciation and amortization expense 13,841 14,302 $ 30,578
EBITDA from Continuing Operations $ 36,073 $ 84,452 $ 44,369
Asset-based interest expense(1) (12,724 ) (10,492 ) (5,065 )
Effects of purchase accounting (2) (1,433 ) (5,054 ) (24,166 )
Non-cash fair value adjustments (3) 3,547 1,277 (1,300 )
Non-recurring expenses (4) 1,944 (1,736 ) 5,489
Adjusted EBITDA from Continuing Operations $ 27,407 $ 68,447 $ 19,327

Income (loss) from discontinued operations $ (3,998 ) $ (4,287 ) $ 10,953
Consolidated interest expense 13,068 8,691 12,022
Consolidated income tax expense (benefit) (2,224 ) (1,537 ) 17,527
Consolidated depreciation and amortization expense 15,645 14,166 15,408
EBITDA from discontinued operations $ 22,491 $ 17,033 $ 44,309
Asset based interest expense(1) (13,068 ) (8,691 ) (6,796 )
Non-recurring expenses (4) 1,158 2,127 1,579
Adjusted EBITDA from discontinued operations $ 10,581 $ 10,469 $ 39,092
Total Adjusted EBITDA $ 37,988 $ 78,916 $ 58,419
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(1) The consolidated asset-based interest expense is subtracted from EBITDA to arrive at Adjusted EBITDA.This includes interest expense associated with asset-specific debt at subsidiaries in the specialtyinsurance, asset management, mortgage and other operations.
(2) Following the purchase accounting adjustments, current period expenses associated with deferred costswere more favorably stated and current period income associated with deferred revenues were lessfavorably stated. Thus, the purchase accounting effect related to Fortegra increased EBITDA above whatthe historical basis of accounting would have generated. The impact of this purchase accountingadjustments have been reversed to reflect an adjusted EBITDA without such purchase accounting effect.
(3) For Reliance, within our mortgage operations, Adjusted EBITDA excludes the impact of changes incontingent earn-outs. For our specialty insurance operations, depreciation and amortization on seniorliving real estate that is within net investment income is added back to Adjusted EBITDA.
(4) Acquisition, start-up and disposition costs including legal, taxes, banker fees and other costs. Alsoincludes payments pursuant to a separation agreement, dated as of November 10, 2015.

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Non-GAAP Financial Measures EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
The tables below present EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA by business component.
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Year Ended December 31, 2017
Tiptree Capital
($ in thousands) Specialty insurance Asset Management Mortgage Other Discontinued Operations (1) Tiptree Capital Corporate Expenses Total
Pre-tax income/(loss) from continuing ops $ 5,404 $ 14,245 $ 2,090 $ 4,001 $ $ 20,336 $ (29,070 ) $ (3,330 )
Pre-tax income/(loss) from discontinued ops (6,222 ) (6,222 ) (6,222 )
Add back:
Interest expense 15,072 12 1,034 4,632 13,068 18,746 4,812 38,630
Depreciation and amortization expenses 12,799 548 246 15,645 16,439 248 29,486
EBITDA $ 33,275 $ 14,257 $ 3,672 $ 8,879 $ 22,491 $ 49,299 $ (24,010 ) $ 58,564
EBITDA adjustments:
Asset-specific debt interest(2) (7,046 ) (12 ) (1,034 ) (4,632 ) (13,068 ) (18,746 ) (25,792 )
Effects of purchase accounting(3) (1,433 ) (1,433 )
Non-cash fair value adjustments(4) 508 3,039 3,039 3,547
Non-recurring expenses(5) 1,657 679 1,158 1,837 (392 ) 3,102
Adjusted EBITDA $ 26,961 $ 14,245 $ 5,677 $ 4,926 $ 10,581 $ 35,429 $ (24,402 ) $ 37,988
Plus: Stock based compensation expense 3,934 453 453 2,172 6,559
Less: Realized and unrealized gains (losses)(6) (22,415 ) 3,867 (43 ) 3,824 (18,591 )
Less: Third party NCI Adjusted EBITDA 851 1,415 2,266 2,266
Normalized EBITDA $ 53,310 $ 10,378 $ 6,130 $ 4,118 $ 9,166 $ 29,792 $ (22,230 ) $ 60,872
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Year Ended December 31, 2016
Tiptree Capital
($ in thousands) Specialty insurance Asset Management Mortgage Other Discontinued Operations (1) Tiptree Capital Corporate Expenses Total
Pre-tax income/(loss) from continuing ops $ 46,804 $ 25,264 $ 4,882 $ 6,996 $ $ 37,142 $ (34,806 ) $ 49,140
Pre-tax income/(loss) from discontinued ops (5,824 ) (5,824 ) (5,824 )
Add back:
Interest expense 9,244 746 1,195 5,095 8,691 15,727 4,730 29,701
Depreciation and amortization expenses 13,184 512 358 14,166 15,036 248 28,468
EBITDA $ 69,232 $ 26,010 $ 6,589 $ 12,449 $ 17,033 $ 62,081 $ (29,828 ) $ 101,485
EBITDA adjustments:
Asset-specific debt interest(2) (3,652 ) (746 ) (1,195 ) (4,899 ) (8,691 ) (15,531 ) (19,183 )
Effects of purchase accounting(3) (5,054 ) (5,054 )
Non-cash fair value adjustments(4) 1,277 1,416 2,693 2,693
Non-recurring expenses(5) 711 711 (1,736 ) (1,025 )
Adjusted EBITDA $ 60,526 $ 25,264 $ 6,671 $ 7,550 $ 10,469 $ 49,954 $ (31,564 ) $ 78,916
Plus: Stock based compensation expense 1,108 208 208 1,268 2,584
Less: Realized and unrealized gains (losses)(6) 12,300 2,576 3,257 5,833 18,133
Less: Third party NCI Adjusted EBITDA 1,420 1,400 2,820 2,820
Normalized EBITDA $ 49,334 $ 22,688 $ 6,879 $ 2,873 $ 9,069 $ 41,509 $ (30,296 ) $ 60,547
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(1) Includes discontinued operations related to Care. For more information, see FN 4 Dispositions, Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations.
(2) The consolidated asset-based interest expense is subtracted from EBITDA to arrive at Adjusted EBITDA.This includes interest expense associated with asset-specific debt at subsidiaries in the specialtyinsurance, asset management, mortgage and other operations.
(3) Following the purchase accounting adjustments, current period expenses associated with deferred costswere more favorably stated and current period income associated with deferred revenues were lessfavorably stated. Thus, the purchase accounting effect related to Fortegra increased EBITDA abovewhat the historical basis of accounting would have generated. The impact of this purchase accountingadjustments have been reversed to reflect an adjusted EBITDA without such purchase accounting effect.
(4) For Reliance, within our mortgage operations, Adjusted EBITDA excludes the impact of changes incontingent earn-outs. For our specialty insurance operations, depreciation and amortization on seniorliving real estate that is within net investment income is added back to Adjusted EBITDA.
(5) Acquisition, start-up and disposition costs including legal, taxes, banker fees and other costs. Alsoincludes payments pursuant to a separation agreement, dated as of November 10, 2015.
(6) Deduction excludes Mortgage realized/unrealized gains Performing and NPLs (including relatedexpenses) from this line as those are recurring in nature and align with those particular business models.
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Non-GAAP Financial Measures Book value per share, as exchanged
Book value per share, as exchanged assumes full exchange of the limited partners units of TFP for Tiptree Class A common stock. Management believes the use of this financial measure provides supplemental information useful to investors as book value is frequently used by the financial community to analyze company growth on a relative per share basis. The following table provides a reconciliation between total stockholders equity and total shares outstanding, net of treasury shares.
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Year Ended December 31,
2017 2016 2015
Total stockholders equity $ 396,774 $ 390,144 $ 397,694
Less non-controlling interest - other 19,203 20,636 15,576
Total stockholders equity, net of non-controlling interests - other $ 377,571 $ 369,508 $ 382,118
Total Class A shares outstanding (1) 29,805 28,388 34,900
Total Class B shares outstanding 8,049 8,049 8,049
Total shares outstanding 37,854 36,437 42,949
Book value per share, as exchanged $ 9.97 $ 10.14 $ 8.90
[End Table]
[Start Table]
______________________
(1) As of December 31, 2017, excludes 5,197,551 shares of Class A common stock held by a consolidated subsidiary of the Company.See Note 23Earnings per Share in the Form 10-K for December 31, 2017, for further discussion of potential dilution from warrants
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Non-GAAP Financial Measures Invested & Total Capital
Invested Capital represents its total cash investment, including any re-investment of earnings, and acquisition costs, net of tax. Total Capital represents Invested Capital plus Corporate Debt.
[Start Table]

($ in thousands) Year Ended December 31,
2017 2016 2015
Total stockholders equity $ 396,774 $ 390,144 $ 397,694
Less non-controlling interest - other 19,203 20,636 15,576
Total stockholders equity, net of non-controlling interests - other $ 377,571 $ 369,508 $ 382,118
Plus Specialty Insurance accumulated depreciation and amortization, net of tax 36,088 28,497 21,010
Plus Care accumulated depreciation and amortization - discontinued operations, net of tax and NCI 30,521 21,528 13,545
Plus acquisition costs 8,427 7,311 6,412
Invested Capital $ 452,607 $ 426,844 $ 423,085
Plus corporate debt $ 188,500 $ 199,000 $ 175,000
Total Capital $ 641,107 $ 625,844 $ 598,085

[End Table]

View source version on businesswire.com: http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20180314006165/en/
Tiptree Inc. Investor Relations, 212-446-1400ir@tiptreeinc.com
Source: Tiptree Inc.

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