Long Put (Out-of-the-Money)

Option Strategies

Sample Payout Diagram

Long Out-of-the-Money Put Sample Diagram


  • Buy Put, Strike A

Strategy Description

Buying a long out-of-the-money (OTM) put is a very simple option strategy. It is very similar to the Long Put ATM, but you're buying an out-of-the-money put instead, which will have a lower initial cost. As a result, however, the stock will have to make a larger move to the downside in order for you to profit.

An Example

If the stock price is $100, and you want to buy an at-the-money put on the $95 strike for $1, then the stock will have to go below $94 ($95 minus $1) for the trade to return a net gain. If the stock expires anywhere above $95, your maximum loss is capped at the amount you spent on the option.

When to Use It

Buying a long out-of-the-money put is a speculative bear play. You think the stock might have a huge drop to the downside, and you are willing to spend a small amount in case that drop happens. Alternatively, you might be buying a downside put as protection because you have a long position elsewhere.

Break-Even Points at Expiration

The break-even point is equal to the strike for the long put (strike A) minus the cost of the option.

Max Gain

The maximum gain is significant, but is theoretically limited to the strike price minus the cost of the option, if the stock drops to $0.

Max Loss

Your maximum loss is the amount paid for the option. If the stock is anywhere above strike A, you will lose the same amount of money.